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- This article is about the video game series. For the article about the video game, see EarthBound Beginnings.
Mother (マザーMazā) is a role-playing game series created by Shigesato Itoi for Nintendo. The series started in 1989 with Mother/EarthBound Beginnings for the Famicom, and was then followed up by a sequel, Mother 2/EarthBound for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, and followed up again much later in 2006 with the Japan-only Mother 3/Earthbound 2 for the Game Boy Advance.
The Mother games are not a sequential series, but rather three "stand alone" games that feature common characters, themes, and settings. All three games are tied together with their respective final bosses.
Although most RPGs depict knights and wizards in pseudo-medieval settings, the Mother series takes place in more modern present-day Western settings told from a Japanese perspective. The first installment is set in rural America in '198X', while EarthBound is set in "199X" in Eagleland (an allusion to the United States) and Mother 3 is set an unspecified number of years following the events of EarthBound, on the Nowhere Islands (with some Western overtones). Enemies consist of everything from aliens, to possessed guitars, to evil hippies. Instead of swords and shields, weapons consist of household items, from yo-yos to frying pans. The series became extremely popular in Japan, and merchandise for the game was produced, including shirts, handbooks, and even a fully-orchestrated and performed soundtrack.
Earthbound Beginnings (Mother)Edit
- Main article: EarthBound Beginnings
Earthbound Beginnings (known as Mother in Japan) tells the story of a 12 year old boy named Ninten who has to journey around the world to save the planet from an evil race of mind-controlling aliens. Along the way he is joined by several friends, and meets many unusual characters and visits strange settings before ultimately confronting the leader of the aliens. The game was a smash hit in Japan, and gamers appreciated its unorthodox and refreshing take on the often formulaic RPG genre.
Nintendo of America planned to translate and release the first Mother game in the United States under the title Earth Bound. Although the game's localization and translation was finished a year earlier, the game was ultimately deemed unprofitable for a Fall 1991 North American release, and the planned release was canceled after the game had already been translated and all packaging and advertising was ready.
It was confirmed by former Nintendo employee Phil Sandhop, that Nintendo refused to release Earth Bound in North America because the Super Nintendo had already been released in the country and it would not sell very well because of this. Furthermore, the cost of releasing the game with the thick manual and hint book planned would have not been economical.
In 2015, the game was officially released on the Nintendo eShop for Wii U under the title EarthBound Beginnings with several changes to translation.
Some of Sandhop's changes to the original Mother appear in the SNES game EarthBound, such as the matrix of the command box, the "Help!" command, and Lloyd's "Spy" command. All of these features were original ideas of improvement in Mother by Sandhop. The reason for these changes appearing in EarthBound and Mother 1 + 2, according to Sandhop, is that "with games produced by NCL, the development teams continue to work and tweak their projects that they know will be localized and produced in other territories. Often they will address their own desires that were not completed due to time constraints or not completed to their satisfaction and they will also address issues raised by Japanese consumers as that release hits the street."
In 1998, a copy of the unreleased NES Earth Bound cartridge was auctioned and the game code was extracted from it and circulated for download on the Internet. To avoid confusion, the game was dubbed EarthBound Zero by fan translation group Neo Demiforce, as Nintendo had since released the SNES sequel to Mother in North America under the title EarthBound. This copy was shipped over to a relative of one of the members in Neo Demiforce. Soon after, fans of the series and other video game enthusiasts, at first, debated as to the origin of the original development cartridge.
Today, it is generally agreed that the cartridge is legitimate, as Mother 1 + 2 contains most of the changes found in the NES cartridge. This is further confirmed by the changes in the ROM being present in EarthBound Beginnings.
EarthBound (Mother 2)Edit
- Main article: EarthBound
EarthBound (known as Mother 2 in Japan) is a distant sequel to the original EarthBound Beginnings, with many characters, themes, and tunes borrowed from its predecessor. Many of the characters and settings are very similar, but the only explicitly returning character is Giygas, who swears revenge at the end of the first game (evidenced by EarthBound's Japanese subtitle: Gyiyg Strikes Back!).
Though EarthBound Beginnings would not leave Japan for another 20 years, its sequel for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, EarthBound, reached America, and stars a young psychic boy by the name of Ness. It sold well in Japan, but did not in North America, as RPGs were generally unpopular with the American market at the time, and because the game was released around the same time as other, more typical RPG titles such as Final Fantasy VI and Chrono Trigger. American gamers were not used to a modern setting RPG and did not respond well to the game's quirky nature, not helped by a poor advertising campaign using the slogan "This game stinks!". Due to the American release being a commercial failure, EarthBound was never released in PAL territories or anywhere outside of America and Japan. However, the game has since developed a very strong cult following, with a community thriving even today. It was re-released in America and released for the first time in Europe in 2013, on the Wii U's Virtual Console and in 2016 for the 3DS Virtual Console.
- Main article: Mother 3
Mother 3 is the third long-awaited, and allegedly final game in the Mother series, spending more than 12 years in the making. Beforehand the game was in development for Nintendo 64 Disk Drive as a direct sequel to EarthBound, but progress was severely hindered after the commercial failure of the Disk Drive. The project was forced to be canceled as development of the game became increasingly difficult and problem riddled, and was nowhere near complete as the end of the N64's lifespan drew near. The project picked up again for the Game Boy Advance (which was announced on a commercial for Mother 1 + 2). The game was finally released on April 20, 2006, and retained the traditional EarthBound art style and the general story and characters that were introduced in the canceled N64 version. Unlike the first two games, the story focuses on a boy named Lucas and his family on Nowhere Islands. Their home is invaded and the peace is disrupted by the mysterious "Pigmask Army" who dramatically changes Nowhere Islands by introducing technology and infrastructure and performing bizarre experiments on the flora and fauna in their takeover. The game chronicles the trials and tribulations of Lucas and his family and friends as they fight against the Pigmask Army threat.
Currently, the game is only available in Japan with no planned release anywhere else in the world, although many Mother fans are hoping for a North American and European release. There were rumors from the United Kingdom's Official Nintendo Magazine of a possible European release, although nothing has been confirmed yet.
An English fan translation of Mother 3 was made by Tomato and put on the Internet on October 18th 2008, 15 months after the release of the game in Japan, with translations in other languages currently being made. No drastic changes from the original script were made, but localizations for characters, locations, and puns were made. For example, the character "Yokuba", loosely derived from yokubō (欲望?, "greed"), was renamed "Fassad", loosely derived from the French word façade and, incidentally, the Arabic word fasād (فساد, "corruption").
An expansion set for EarthBound 64 was being developed under the title Mother 3.5 (as it was an expansion to the original Mother 3 project, known in North America as EarthBound 64), for the Nintendo 64DD. Few details regarding Mother 3.5 were explicitly made available, but IGN estimated during its development that it may contain an entirely new quest and additional characters, but utilize the same engine as EarthBound 64. With the cancellation of EarthBound 64, it too was forced out of development.
A compilation for the Game Boy Advance, called Mother 1 + 2, was released in Japan on June 20, 2003. The game was meant to promote the upcoming Mother 3 (also for Game Boy Advance) as the rebirth of the franchise. Mother 3 had been in development for the Nintendo 64, but it was canceled due to production problems. The game's story had already been developed, along with the main characters, but at one point, the game's creator reported in a series of interviews that he had written a new script. However, it seems that the original EarthBound 64 storyline in Mother 3 has remained intact.
Mother 1 + 2 and perhaps Mother 3 are not expected to be released outside of Japan.
Ness, the main character from EarthBound is a playable character in all four installments of the Super Smash Bros. series. In both Super Smash Bros. and Super Smash Bros. Brawl, he is an unlockable character. Super Smash Bros. Melee features the EarthBound locations Onett and Fourside arenas to battle in, as well as a Mr. Saturn item from EarthBound. In Brawl, Ness is joined by the Mother 3 character Lucas (readily available at from the beginning), and the Mother item representation has been expanded to include the new Franklin Badge. With the introduction of Assist Trophies in Brawl, Jeff Andonuts from EarthBound is one of the many characters that briefly appear on the battlegrounds in the game. A stage set in New Pork City, from Mother 3, and the return of Melee's Onett stage feature in Brawl as well.
Ness and Lucas appear in Super Smash Bros. Brawl's Adventure Mode, The Subspace Emissary, as well. During the events of the story, Lucas is attacked by Pokey Minch until Ness eventually comes to the aid of Lucas. The two battle and defeat Pokey, but Wario confronts them both and attempts to turn them into trophies. Eventually, seeing that Ness is too hard of a target, Wario ends up after targeting the weaker Lucas. However, Ness saves Lucas by pushing him out of the way, being turned into a trophy instead of Lucas. Lucas runs, but after meeting the Pokémon Trainer and remembering Ness's sacrifice, he works up the courage to fight the Subspace Army.
In January 23, 2013, Nintendo CEO Satoru Iwata announced on a Japanese Nintendo Direct that Earthbound would be re-released on the Wii U's Virtual Console in March 20, 2013 as part of the Famicom 30th Anniversary promotion, with no mention of an International release. On the April 17 edition of Nintendo Direct, Satoru Iwata announced that Earthbound will be released on the Virtual Console for Wii U in North America, and for the first time, in Europe, later in the year. On June 14th, 2015, Mother was released in English for the first time in North America and Europe as EarthBound Beginnings